This Month in History – October

October 1st, 2014

This Month in October
 

October is finally here!  Leaves have turned from green to red, the air is becoming cooler with each passing day, and pumpkins are popping up everywhere you look.  Obviously, you’re looking forward to Halloween at the end of the month.  This holiday is believed to be rooted in ancient pagan harvest festivals, but over time it has become a celebration of the dead.  Now, Halloween is celebrated with costumes, pumpkin carving, trick-or-treating, and haunted houses.  Halloween will be here before you know it, so you’d better decide on a fantastic costume to knock everyone dead this year!  Take a look at these significant events that have occurred in the month of October and you might find some inspiration.

1:  Henry Ford released the Model T, the first automobile for the masses, in 1908.
George Romero’s classic zombie film, Night of the Living Dead, opened in Pittsburg in 1968 and revolutionized the horror movie genre.

2:  Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African American Supreme Court Justice in 1967.
3: In 1863, an official proclamation from Abraham Lincoln stated that Thanksgiving would be observed on the final Thursday of November.  
Disney premiered it’s television variety show, The Mickey Mouse Club, on ABC in 1955.
4: The Dinosaur National Monument located in the Uinta Mountains of Colorado and Utah was established in 1915.
5: “Love Me Do,” the first Beatles single, was released in 1962.
6: In 1889, the Moulin Rouge club opened in Paris’ Pigalle district.  It’s highly renowned as the birthplace of can-can dancing.
The Jazz Singer, the first full length motion picture featuring spoken dialogue, premiered in 1927
7: Toni Morrison became the first black American to win the Nobel Prize in literature for her novel, Beloved, in 1993.
8: In 1871, the Great Chicago Fire destroyed 3.5 miles of the city, killing over 300 people, leaving nearly 90,000 homeless, and causing over $200 million in damages.

9: The Hoover Dam began generating electricity for Nevada, Arizona, and California in 1936.
In 2003, Freddy vs. Jason premiered and joined A Nightmare on Elm Street and Friday the 13th, two of the biggest horror movie franchises.
10: Spiro Agnew, Vice President under Richard Nixon, resigned from office in 1973 pleading no contest to charges of tax evasion, and facing a $10,000 fine and three years probation.
11: In 1968 NASA launched the Apollo 7 mission, the first successful manned mission in the Apollo program.
12: Christopher Columbus made landfall in the Bahamas after his 33 day transatlantic journey in 1492.
In 1933, the notorious gangster John Dillinger escaped from prison with the help of a gang of criminal cohorts, the Pierpoint Bunch.
13: George Washington laid the cornerstone of the White House in Washington D.C. in 1792.
In 1938 filming for The Wizard of Oz began at MGM Studios in Culver City, California.
14:  Flying his X-1 rocket plane, Chuck Yeager became the first person to break the sound barrier in 1947.
In 1964 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his use of non-violent resistance against racial prejudice.
15: I Love Lucy debuted on CBS in 1951.
In 1962, the Cuban Missile Crisis began after U.S. intelligence personnel discovered evidence of Soviet missile sites in Cuba.
16: Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine in 1793.
Bride of Chucky, the fourth installment in the Child’s Play franchise, was released in 1998.
17: In 1933, Albert Einstein settled in Princeton, New Jersey as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
The re-make of the 1971 horror classic, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, was released in 2003.
18: In 1898, Puerto Rico officially became a possession of the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War.
19: The trial against Saddam Hussein for crimes against humanity began in 2005 in Baghdad..
20: The musical adaptation of Peter Pan starring Mary Martin opened on Broadway in 1954.
In 1967 hunters Roger Patterson and Bob Gimlin allegedly captured live-action footage of the legendary Big Foot.
21: In 1879 Thomas Edison tested his first commercially practical incandescent light bulb.
Carrie Fisher, the actress known for her portrayal of Princess Leia in the Star Wars films, was born in 1956.
22: Amelia Earhart set her first record for flying to an altitude of 14,000 feet in 1922.
23: 25,000 suffragettes marched through the streets of New York City in 1915 demanding that women be granted the right to vote.
24: In 1945, 51 countries signed the charter that established the United Nations.
25: Mass murderer and horror movie icon Michael Myers made his silver screen debut when John Carpenter’s Halloween was released in 1978.
26: In 1881, the infamous shootout between Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday occurred at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona.
27: In 1904 America’s first rapid transit subway system opened in New York City.
28: The dedication of the Statue of Liberty occurred on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor in 1886.
The National Prohibition Act banning the manufacture and sale of alcohol was passed by Congress in 1919, which led to the prosperity of organized crime during the Roaring Twenties.
29:  The stock market crash on October 29, 1929 marked the beginning of the Great Depression.
The first film in the Saw series premiered in 2004.
30: Orson Welles’ radio drama War of the Worlds aired in 1938 and caused widespread panic in the U.S. among listeners who believed it to be a live news broadcast.
In 2001 Michael Jackson released Invincible, the last album to be completed before his death.
31: After 14 years of construction, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial depicting Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt was completed.

There are only a few more weeks for you to put together this year’s incredible Halloween costume, but there are a variety of other celebrations that occur during the tenth month of the year.  As Breast Cancer Awareness Month and LGBT History Month, October is a time for celebrating triumph over adversity.  You can raise awareness for these causes by thinking pink or flaunting your rainbow to show LGBT pride and solidarity.  Although the celebration of Oktoberfest began on September 20th, the Bavarian festival of food and drink continues until October 6th, so raise a glass to your health before cold and flu season starts!  When All Hallow’s Eve does roll around on the 31st, we hope you and your family have a fantastic and safe Halloween!