This Month in History – September

September 2nd, 2014

September in History

 

Summer may be winding down, but September is a month full of excitement.  The kids have their backpacks full of fresh notebooks and pencils, the air is starting to feel a little more crisp, Halloween costume shopping is on our to do list and the winter holiday season will be here before you know it!  The ninth month of the year can seem pretty hectic, but there are plenty of cool things that happen in September that you don’t want to miss out on.  International Talk Like a Pirate Day occurs every year on the 19th, which is a comical holiday that everyone can enjoy.  In the U.S., September is National Hispanic Heritage Month, which is a great reason to go out and try some new cuisines and dances to learn about Hispanic and Latino culture.  In addition to these celebrations, every day of the month marks the anniversary of an event significant to history or pop culture.  Take a look at our list of historical events and you might be surprised what you learn!

1: In 1939, German forces invaded Poland, marking the beginning of World War II.
The series finale of I Dream of Jeannie premiered on NBC in 1970.

2: In 44 BC, Cleopatra declared her son Ptolemy XV Caesarion her co-ruler.  On this day seven years later in 31 BC, Mark Antony’s navy was defeated by Octavian who then became the first Roman emperor, Augustus Caesar.

3: The Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War between the United States and England in 1783.

4: Mark Spitz became the first individual to win seven Olympic medals when he captured the gold for the 400-meter rally in Munich, Germany in 1972.

5: In 1882, New York City hosted the first Labor Day parade.

6: American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot and mortally wounded William McKinley in 1901.  The President died eight days later.

7: In 1533, Queen Elizabeth I was born to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn in Greenwich Palace.  She was the last monarch of England’s Tudor dynasty.
An editorial printed in New York’s Troy Post first used the name “Uncle Sam” as a symbol of the United States in 1813.

8: In 1883, the Northern Pacific Railroad which extended over 6,800 miles between Minnesota and the Pacific Coast was completed. The first episode of Star Trek premiered on NBC in 1966.

9: In 1776, the United States officially denounced the title “United Colonies.”
Elvis Presley made his third appearance on the Ed Sullivan show in 1957.  His performance was shot from the waist up in response to public dismay over Presley’s swiveling hips.

10: Popeye premiered as a radio show in 1935.

11: In 2001, the most horrific terrorist attack in United States history occurred when four large passenger planes were hijacked and crashed into the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and a field in Pennsylvania.  Nearly 3,000 innocent lives were lost.

12: In 1940, a group of  four French teenagers discovered prehistoric paintings inside the Lascaux Caves.
John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier were married in Newport, Rhode Island in 1953.

13:In 1964 the Beatles won their first Grammy Award for Best Group.

14: Lyndon B. Johnson awarded Walt Disney the Presidential Medal of Freedom for film in 1964.

15: In 1928, the antibiotic penicillin was discovered by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming.

16: The Pilgrims departed from England aboard the Mayflower in 1620. In 1932, Mahatma Gandhi began his hunger strike in response to British support of an Indian constitution that mandated separate political representation for people deemed “untouchables” within the caste system.

17: The Delaware Nation became the first Native American nation to sign a treaty with the United States in 1788.
18: In 1793, George Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington D.C.
The Addams Family debuted on ABC in 1966.

19: In 1893, New Zealand granted women the right to vote, becoming the first country in the world to do so.

20: In 1973, tennis player Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs in the highly publicized “Battle of the Sexes” match.
The United States Military abolished its “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy in regard to gay service men and women in 2011.

21: The Hobbit, which would become one of the quintessential works of fiction and the inspiration for a series of films, was published by author J.R.R. Tolkien in 1937.

22: In 1862, the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which granted freedom to all slaves in rebel states, was delivered by President Abraham Lincoln.

23: In 1806, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark and their crew return to St. Louis Missouri from their successful expedition to the Pacific Northwest.
The Jetsons became the first series to air in color on ABC in 1962.

24: Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets and Sesame Street, was born in Greenville, Mississippi in 1936.
In 1957, federal troops were ordered by President Dwight Eisenhower to enforce school integration in Little Rock, Arkansas.

25: Superman actor Christopher Reeve and Mark Hamill who would play Luke Skywalker in Star Wars were both born on this day in 1952.
Sandra Day O’Connor was sworn in as the first female justice on the United States Supreme Court in 1981.

26:  75 million Americans tuned in to see Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy participate in the first televised presidential debate in 1960.
Cult classic, The Rocky Horror Picture Show, premiered in the United States in 1975.

27: In 1964 following a 10 month investigation, the Warren Commission released their report stating that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

28: Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, a Portuguese explorer became the first European to reach the Western coast of North America when he landed in San Diego in 1542.

29: The space shuttle Discovery was launched in 1988 as the “Return to Flight” orbiter in the wake of 1986’s Challenger disaster.

30: The Flintstones premiered on ABC in 1960.

Since so many classic TV shows have premiered in September, you might want to take a break from your busy schedule and watch a few episodes of The Addams Family or Star Trek.  These classic shows might inspire you to go retro this Halloween.  Or, you might find the drama of Cleopatra and Marc Antony more riveting than any TV show and look to history for your inspiration.  Halloween is right around the corner, so now is a great time to start making costume decisions for you and your family.  Even if you’re ahead of the game and already have Halloween planned, anytime is a great time to dress up in your new favorite costume.